Repurposing kitchen scraps for compost and natural fertilizers

Today, when sustainability is the main concern, it is important to find ways to reduce waste, and promote eco friendly practices. Repurposing kitchen waste for compost and natural fertilisers is one of the easiest and most impactful things that individuals can do. This practice not only diverts waste from landfills but also enriches the soil, resulting in healthier plants and a vibrant ecosystem.

Composting has many benefits

1. Environmental Impact

Composting reduces organic wastes that end up in landfills. In landfills, organic material decomposes and releases harmful greenhouse gases such as methane. Composting creates soil amendments that are rich in nutrients without emitting harmful gases.

2. Nutrient-Rich soil

Compost contains a wealth of nutrients that are essential to plant growth. Compost improves soil structure and moisture retention, while providing a source of minerals and nutrients that slowly release.

3. Cost-Effective Gardening

You can eliminate the need to buy fertilizers by creating your own compost. It is not only cost-effective, but it also provides a constant supply of soil amendments.

Kitchen Scraps Suitable for Composting

1. Peels of Fruit and Vegetables

Peels of fruits and vegetables such as apples, potatoes and carrots contain nutrients and are easily digestible.

2. Coffee Grounds

Coffee grounds contain nitrogen, which is a key component in healthy soil.

3. Eggshells

Crushed eggshells are a good source of calcium for the soil and help plants develop strong cell walls.

4. Tea Bags

Compostable tea leaves and bags can be a great source of organic material.

Composting is a process that can be done by anyone.

1. The best way to store and collect scraps

Begin by establishing a compost bin within your kitchen. Keep food scraps in an odor-proof container to avoid pests and odors.

2. Create Layers

Use a mixture of green (nitrogen-rich), such as kitchen scraps, and brown (carbon-rich), such as dried leaves or newspapers.

3. Turning and Aerating

Turning the compost pile regularly will help it decompose faster.

4. Harvesting

Compost is ready for use once it has turned dark, crumbly and smells earthy.

Natural Fertilizers Made from Kitchen Scraps

1. Banana Peel Tea

Banana peels can be soaked in water to create a liquid fertilizer rich in nutrients.

2. Epsom Salt and Coffee Grounds Mixture

This combination gives plants a boost in magnesium and nitrogen.

3. Bone Meal made from Leftover Bones

Add phosphorous to soil by grinding leftover bones to a fine powder.


It is easy to make a difference by repurposing your kitchen waste into compost and organic fertilizers. Diverting waste away from landfills, and enriching the soil will not only help your garden grow but also contribute to a healthier world. Let’s make this first step to a greener future!


1. Can I compost all kitchen scraps?

Composting most kitchen scraps is possible, but it’s important to avoid oily, meaty, or dairy foods. These can attract pests, which can slow the composting process.

2. How long does it usually take to compost?

Composting can take a few months, or even less with the right care.

3. What if I do not have a back yard?

Vermicomposting or a compost bin can be used in a small apartment.

4. What compost can I use in potted plants?

Absolutely! Compost is a great addition to pot mixtures. It provides essential nutrients for container plants.

5. Is composting difficult?

Not at all! Composting is as easy or complex as you want to make it. Anyone can compost kitchen waste with a little effort and knowledge.

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